Toxins and Antidotes Answers

The following are the answers to the post, Toxins and Antidotes.

  • Hydrogen fluoride: Calcium gluconate
  • Iron: Deferoxamine
  • Digoxin: Digibind
  • Ethylene glycol: Ethanol. Fomepizole. Folic acid
  • Calcium channel blocker: Calcium gluconate
  • Methanol: Ethanol. Fomepizole. Folic acid
  • Benzodiazepines: Flumazenil
  • Acetaminophen: N-Acetylcysteine
  • Opioids: Naloxone
  • Organophosphates: Pralidoxime
  • Beta blocker: Glucagon
  • Lead: EDTA/BAL. Penicillamine
  • Carbon monoxide: Hyperbaric oxygen. Methylene blue
  • Heparin: Protamine sulphate
  • Isoniazid: Pyridoxime
  • Warfarin: Octaplex. Vitamin K

Note: I received a few responses in regards to organophosphates. Atropine is definitely a treatment for organophosphate toxicity. However, as I had forgotten to include it on the list of antidotes, I did not include it in this answer key. Bonus points for everyone who thought of atropine!

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